18 September 1981
The abolition of the death penalty in France
The French Parliament adopted with 369 votes against 113 Robert Badinter Law abolishing the death penalty whilst according to a survey, 62% of French wanted to maintain it. This is how democracy works 🙂 …
So believe it or not but France was at the time, with Turkey the only western European countries to apply the death penalty. The guillotine (created by Dr. Antoine Louis and engineer Tobias Schmidt) is discarded upon enactment of the law.The Minister of Justice ordered the removal of the two guillotines existing in France, one in Fresnes (Parisian suburb located in Val de Marne) and the other in Vernon (department of Eure in the Haute Normandie region). The government offered them to museum but none of them accepted the bloody gifts (tell me about it!), they ended their careers in a secret disused military fort.
Implemented in 1791 the guillotine has replaced a variety of capital punishments (tellement scary!!!) in France (Under the “Ancien Régime”), depending on the crime and the status of the condemned person, such as:
- Hanging was the common punishment;
- shooting of the right hand for thieves
- decapitation by sword (reserved for nobles);
- burning for relapsed heretics and incendiary (the patient was often discreetly previously strangled by a noose);
- Hot oil: for counterfeiters…
The last executed would be Hamida Djandoubi on 10 September 1977 was the last person to be executed in France being convicted for torture and murder in Marseille (South East of France – Bouches-du-Rhône/ Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur), 10 would sitting in death row will escape the death penalty thinks to this law.
Between 1984 and 1995, 27 legislative drafts had been proposed to the Parliament to restore the death penalty but none has been successful.
Posted on September 18, 2014, in Save the dates! and tagged 18 September 1981, abolition, death penalty, death penalty in france history, Dr. Antoine Louis, france, french death penalty, french death penalty guillotine, Hamida Djandoubi, last executed, Marseille, Robert Badinter, september, Tobias Schmidt, when was the death penalty abolished in france. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.